Consuming omega-3 fatty acids during pregnancy can reduce the risk of preterm birth, prevent eclampsia, and increase birth weight. Other potential benefits are improving fetal brain development and reducing the risk of cerebral palsy.
Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils and algae-derived marine oils contain DHA and EPA acids. The body cannot produce them independently, so they should be consumed in adequate amounts.
What to eat:
- Fish oil supplements
- Omega-3 fatty acid supplements
- Algae-derived marine oils
- Vegetable oils such as flaxseed oil, canola oil, soybean oil (omega-3 from vegetable oils do not contain DHA and EPA)
Always consult with your doctor before taking omega-3 supplements.
What to avoid:
- Fish liver oil
- Cod liver oil
Dr. Wanwadee Sapmee Panyakat, MD. (1 July 2020)