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What is postpartum psychosis?

Mental health

What is postpartum psychosis?

Postpartum psychosis is a serious mental health emergency that needs immediate psychiatric attention. 

This is why 1 to 2 in 1,000 mothers need promotional mental support after giving birth.

What is postpartum psychosis
Postpartum psychosis (PPP), also known as puerperal psychosis, is a severe mental illness that can develop suddenly after having a baby. It is characterized by confusion, delusion, hallucination, high mood, and even violence. It can develop within days or weeks after childbirth. The symptoms vary and can change rapidly.

Symptoms
Different mothers may have different symptoms. Generally, they include:

Causes
No one really knows what causes postpartum psychosis, but it seems that the big hormonal changes after childbirth may help trigger it. 

What is known, it’s not the mother’s fault for the psychosis to develop. PPP and the side effects — including violent thoughts towards the baby — are the result of a complex mix of biological (genetic) and environmental (the new mother’s situation). 

Risk factors
Nonetheless, the factors that are known to increase the risk of postpartum psychosis include:

When to get medical help
Postpartum psychosis is a medical emergency, as it can get worse rapidly and the safety of the mother and baby would be at risk. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms or know someone who is experiencing them, contact the doctor immediately. You can call the health emergency line if you cannot speak to the doctor or do not know what to do next.

Also instantly inform your family, partner, or a good friend about your situation. And ideally, seek support groups of other mothers who have gone through that.  

Diagnosis
The doctor may use a standard screening tool and ask some questions that would help confirm whether the patient is experiencing postpartum psychosis. They would try to find out if the patient has:

The doctor will also try to rule out other conditions and factors that could cause behavior changes, such as thyroid hormones or postpartum infection. So, they may conduct blood tests for thyroid hormone levels, white blood cell counts, and other relevant tests that may help.

Treating postpartum psychosis
Treatment is given by a psychiatrist and it will include medications to reduce depression, stabilize moods, and reduce psychosis. If the patient doesn’t respond well to medicines or needs further treatment, doctors might recommend electroconvulsive shock therapy (ECT). All types of treatments are usually supported by psychotherapy and group therapy.

Thank you note
This article about postpartum psychosis was made in collaboration and with the support of the Pranaiya & Arthur Magoffin Foundation — Better Well-Being for Parent & Baby.

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